7 Burn Injury Treatment Steps For Children

Accidental burns are an extremely common injury that children suffer. While most burns occur in the kitchen (either from hot food and water or hot cooking implements) anywhere your child will be around extreme heat can lead to a small disaster.

The first thing you need to know is how to evaluate the severity of a burn. Light burns will produce red skin and no blisters. These are the kinds of burns that you should be able to treat yourself.

Burns that incorporate blistering, wet spots, large amounts of pain are more serious and may require professional help. Burns that feature a dull ache or no feeling at the burn site, and which feature almost charred-looking skin need to be treated in an emergency room immediately.

If your child has suffered a small and mild burn on their arm, leg or torso than there’s no need to panic. Remain calm and treat their injury using the following steps.
1. As soon as your child is burned you must take the burned part of their body and run it under cool water for 5 minutes. If the burn is on their hand or on their foot, than you can place the burned appendage into a large bowl filled with cool water and let it sit for at least 5 minutes.

Many people mistakenly place ice cubes, ice packs, or ice cold water over a burn. Do not do this. It’s important that you use cool water.

2. It’s also important that you do not rub the burned area when you dry it off. Rubbing will irritate the skin, exacerbate the burn and cause more serious damage to your child’s skin. When drying off the burn, pat it as gently as possible with the softest cloth that you can find.

3. Next you want to apply some ointment to soothe the burn. The best ointments will not only help calm and heal the burn, but will also reduce the pain and swelling caused by the burn.

There are generally two different routes to go when it comes to burn ointment. You can use something made from whole all natural ingredients, or you can use a pharmecuetical treatment. An example of the former would be any ointment made exclusively of Aloe gel, while an example of the latter would be something like Water Jel products.

4. Once you’ve applied a thin layer of your chosen ointment it’s time to dress the burn. You want to make sure that the dressing you select is clean, light and soft. You don’t want to tie any clothe or fabrics on too tightly- keep the dressing as loose as possible while still remaining secure. Tightly wrapped dressings create too much pressure on the burn.

Burn Injury Treatment

5. Depending on how much your child hurts you might want to give them some sort of pain medication. If the burn is minor enough that you are treating it at home than you probably don’t require any particularly strong medication. Something light, like over the counter ibuprofen, is likely to be enough to help them your child feel better.

6. Continue to reapply your ointment and re-dress the wound with clean cloth as often as necessary. Depending on the severity of the burn, this frequency can be anything from once every few hours to once a day.

7. In general most small burns do NOT warrant a trip to your child’s doctor. But if your child’s burn is not healing, or if it seems to be looking worse after treatment, than you should call your doctor and schedule an appointment.

Hopefully you never encounter a situation where you need to treat burns on your child but if you do make sure you follow these 7 steps.

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